From: pautrey on

Asthma Triggers


What are Molds?
How Does Mold Affect Asthma?
Actions You Can Take
Links to EPA Publications/Resources
Other Resources
What are Molds?

Molds are microscopic fungi that live on plant and animal matter.
Molds can be found almost anywhere; they grow on virtually any
substance when moisture is present.

Molds produce tiny spores to reproduce, just as plants produce seeds.
Mold spores waft through the indoor and outdoor air continually. When
mold spores land on a damp spot indoors, they may begin growing and
digesting whatever they are growing on in order to survive. Some molds
can grow on wood, paper, carpet, foods and even dynamite.

There is no practical way to eliminate all molds indoors; the way to
control indoor mold growth is to control moisture. If you think you
have a mold problem and can see mold growth, you do not need
environmental testing to determine what kind of mold you have.
Instead, simply clean the mold from the surface it's growing on and
dry the surface thoroughly.

How Does Mold Affect Asthma?

For people sensitive to molds, inhaling mold spores can cause an
asthma attack.

Actions You Can Take

If mold is a problem in your home, you need to clean up the mold and
eliminate sources of moisture.

Wash mold off hard surfaces and dry completely. Absorbent materials,
such as ceiling tiles and carpet, may have to be replaced if they are
contaminated with mold.
Fix leaky plumbing or other sources of water.
Keep drip pans in your air conditioner, refrigerator and dehumidifier
clean and dry.
Use exhaust fans or open windows in kitchens and bathrooms when
showering, cooking or using the dishwasher.
Vent clothes dryers to the outside.
Maintain low indoor humidity, ideally between 30-50% relative
humidity. Humidity levels can be measured by hygrometers, which are
available at local hardware stores.

Links to EPA Publications/Resources

Mold Resources
"A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home"
"Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings"

Biological Contaminants
Flood Cleanup
Use and Care of Home Humidifiers
Other Resources

Repairing Your Flooded Home , Produced by the National Disaster
Education Coalition: American Red Cross, FEMA, IAEM, IBHS, NFPA, NWS,

Facts About Mold , The New York City Department of Health and Mental

University of Minnesota, Department of Environmental Health and Safety

Fungi in Buildings (includes The Fungal Glossary) -
Fungal Abatement Safe Operating Procedure -

Read More: